金刚上师林钰堂瑜伽士开示录

闭关事宜
Matter of Retreat


弟子(敬行)在翻阅《曲肱斋集》时,曾读到上师于周末闭关静修之事宜。为了能清楚明瞭上师以前之静修经历,弟子特此向上师请教,供弟子众及佛友们参考,以做为实修之榜样,进而能实行在日常生活中。

问:上师于周末闭关,时间是如何安排?是不是从凌晨开始至隔日早晨(一日),或者只要二十四小时就行了?上师之闭关是定期活动吗?
答:For retreat, one enters in late afternoon, like birds returning to nest, and one comes out in the morning. In US the weekend has two days, Saturdauy and Sunday, so I entered in late afternoon of Friday, and came out from the retreat in the morning of Monday.
对于闭关来说,在傍晚时刻入关,就像是鸟儿归巢,并于早晨出关。在美国,周 末有两天,就是星期六 和星期日。所以我是在星期五傍晚时入关,及出关于星期 一早晨。

问:若要周末或其他日子闭关,需要先具备何种条件?
(a)个别闭关房,内需有佛堂、睡具及浴室等?
(b)饮食需由他人代办?
答:(a) If you cannot have such a place, you can just restrict your movement to certain spots in the house, and go there only when necessary. The key point is no going out of those areas and no talk.
如果你不能拥有这样的闭关地方(关房),你可以只限制自己的行动在屋子里的某些处,而且只在有需要时才去那些地方。重点是不可走出那个范围及说话。
(b)That is better. But if you cook for yourself, that is fine, too.
  那是最好的。不过你也可以为自己烹煮。

问:闭关时,修持功课该如何安排?
(a)是专念佛圣号、礼佛、静坐、读经或是修习法本等等?或依各人喜好及时间而定?可以修习一种或多种,是吗?
(b)要禁足、禁语?
(c)受持八关斋戒或过午不食戒?
(d)闭关期间,若身体不适,该如何处理?
(e)睡眠时间是几小时?
答:(a)As long as it is Dharma practice or study, you can do as you like.
  只要是佛法的修持或修学,都可随意而定。
(b)Yes, this is most important.
  对,这是最重要的。
(c)That is up to you. With or without this is fine.
  你可以自行决定。有或没有都可以。
(d)Rely on praying to Buddha.
  仰赖向佛、菩萨求祷。
(e)As you need.
  随你所需。

问:闭关之前及之后,要如何调整?闭关时需要先供养佛、菩萨、护法及空行?而出关时,要功德回向,对吗?
答:Yes.
  对。

问:闭关时需要注意什么?
答:Relax, and do only Dharma, think only Dharma.
  让身心放松,及念、行皆专注于佛法。

问:上师对闭关活动之心得及看法?
答:It takes retreat to calm down the mind. Usually it takes three days to let the mind calm down.
  闭关才能让心静定下来。 一般是需要三天的时间才能使心静定。


                     二〇〇七年十月二十五日
                     校订:林钰堂博士
                     中译:敬行

注:此开示录整理自写给林钰堂博士之电子邮件。


〇〇七年十一月一日开示


[Home][Back to Chinese list][Chinese and English versions in one]