迁就  林钰堂

 

观世音菩萨的「三十二应」是大家做为佛教徒所熟知的;对于应当以何种身份出现才易于教化的众生,祂就以该种身份来亲近对方。这种种「方便示现」固然显示大菩萨的大智慧、大慈悲以及大能耐,但其根本的精神则是,为了教化、感化而迁就。

不同的有情就有个别程度的资质及性向,更何况还有各自的种种习气。要帮助一一众生了解佛理,并且能进一步修习、行持佛法,就必需「因材施教」,才有可能逐步见效。而教化、感化的基础,则是能有机缘亲近。因此,观音菩萨都是先迁就众生的层次。

我们做为佛教徒,要修习「无我、去执」,最好避免「要求对方」的心态,而採取「设身处地」的想法,以便效法「迁就」的行持。这样的方式,在自修及弘法利他两方面,都会有更好的结果的。

 

                     二○一九年二月十三日
                     养和斋    于加州

 

 

Accommodating

 

Yutang Lin

 

The ″Thirty-two Kinds of Responses″ of Bodhisattva Guan Yin is well-known to us Buddhists; to each of the thirty-two kinds of sentient beings He would appear as a sentient being most appropriate for the conversion of that kind of beings. All such various transformations, as skillful means of conversion, surely demonstrate the great wisdom, great compassion and great capabilities of the great Bodhisattva; however, fundamentally the underlying principle is to be accommodating to facilitate teaching and conversion.

Different sentient beings have individual degrees of various aptitudes and inclinations, not to mention that they each have individual habitual tendencies. To help each and every being comprehend Dharma teachings, and then proceed to putting Dharma into practices and adhering to the teachings in life, it is necessary to provide teachings suitable to each individual being so that desirable results will gradually take place. And the foundation for providing teachings and for conversion to take place is the opportunity to mingle together. Hence, Bodhisattva Guan Yin always begins with accommodating himself to the levels of the sentient beings.

For us, as Buddhists, we are supposed to practice ″no self and renouncing grasping″. It would be ideal to avoid attitudes that are ″demanding others″, and to adopt thinking ″in others′ shoes″, so that we may follow the way of accommodating in daily life. Such an approach will yield better results both in one′s Dharma practices and in propagation of Dharma to benefit others.

 

Written in Chinese and translated into English on February 13, 2019
El Cerrito, California